Research shows that children experience better outcomes with kin across three major domains: improved placement stability, higher levels of permanency, and decreased behavior problems. ChildFocus reviewed some of the more recent literature on kinship care, summarized here, across these three outcome areas. 



Welcome to Generations United’s annotated bibliography of grandfamilies research! The articles are divided into 15 different topics. You can either search by navigating through the topics or use the search function to search by keywords. If you have additional professional peer reviewed articles that you would like to have considered for inclusion, please email Generations United at and include “Annotated Bibliography” in the subject line.


For research prior to 2002, please visit this link.


  1. Legal Options and Issues
  2. Counseling and Support Group Services
  3. Financial Support Services
  4. Kinship Navigator
  5. Social Attitudes and Socialization
  6. Health and Health Services
  7. Education and Child Rearing
  8. Communication
  9. Policy
  10. Demographics and Specific Populations
  11. Stability
  12. Permanency
  13. Child Welfare Outcomes
  14. Economic Security
  15. Respite Care



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